Rosacea is a skin disorder that causes inflammation of the skin on the face and normally affects people between the ages of 30 and 60.
It also tends to be more common amongst women than men, but presents itself more severely on men.
Strangely, it’s also more common amongst white people, especially those of Eastern and Northern European descent.
The disease is progressive and normally goes through 4 phases, the final phase involving thickening and hardening of the skin on the nose.
There can also be periods where the disease goes into complete remission but often returns and can be even more aggressive than before.
Some of the most common features include:
- Facial flushing and redness of the skin
- Burning and stinging sensations
- Dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin
- Spots (Papules and pustules)
- Thickening and hardening of the skin on and around the nose
What Causes Rosacea?
The most common reported cause of Rosacea is sunlight. Prolonged exposure to the sun is a sure way to make your condition worse. At the other end of the spectrum, extreme cold can also affect your Rosacea.
The second most common cause of Rosacea is stress. Making sure that you keep yourself busy with enjoyable activities and light exercise are great ways to take your mind off the condition. If you sit around worrying about it, the chances are you’re going to make it worse.
As with many other skin conditions, a regularly cited cause of the disease is poor diet. While it may not be the only reason for your Rosacea, it can certainly lead to the condition worsening or improving depending on how you alter your diet.
The final cause is excessive use of make-up and other skincare products that may contain chemicals that irritate your skin.
How Can I Control My Rosacea?
Taking the most common causes of Rosacea into account from above, here are some tips to try and keep your Rosacea under control:
- Make sure you use sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 every day, even when overcast.
- Try to make deep breathing exercises, yoga or meditation a part of your day to clear your mind and reduce stress.
- Eat a healthy balanced diet and stay away from fast foods and sugary snacks.
- Wear a scarf to cover your nose. If you’re exposed to extreme cold for long periods of time, a balaclava may be advisable.
- Avoid wearing too much make-up or at least ensure you remove all of it before going to bed. Choose water-based products and those designed specifically for sensitive skin.
What Treatments Are Available?
There is no cure that has been proven to be 100% effective for Rosacea. This doesn’t mean you can’t keep the condition under control and make sure it doesn’t affect your state of mind and way of life.
The number one way to help treat your Rosacea is to change your lifestyle and diet. By getting more exercise, reducing stress and changing your diet, you can bring your Rosacea under control.
For the visible symptoms of Rosacea there are topical creams and oral antibiotics available. These can help take care of the spots that come with the condition.
If you want to treat the visible blood vessels, there area options available in the form of laser treatments. These can also be effective at reducing the flushing symptoms associated with the disease.
If you have a more severe case of Rosacea, plastic surgery can also be an option, mainly for the advanced stages of the disease, which involve thick and hard skin on and around the nose.
When looking for ways to treat your condition, it’s best to consult with your doctor. Especially if you’re interested in learning more about antibiotics, laser therapy and plastic surgery.