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What Causes Skin Wrinkles? How Do They Work?

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skin-wrinklesSkin wrinkles form when your skin starts to weaken with age. As you get older, the collagen and elastin in your skin start to breakdown.

Unfortunately, these are the two components responsible for keeping your skin smooth and resilient.

Skin also loses its ability to retain moisture, produce oil and heal quickly – all of which are responsible for keeping your skin healthy.

Skin wrinkles are more pronounced in some people as genetics has been proven to be a big contributing factor as well.

What Causes Skin Wrinkles?

Skin wrinkles are an inevitable part of the aging process, but there are certain factors that can make this process happen much more quickly.

Sun is the most significant cause of skin wrinkles. Staying out in the sun for too long without sunscreen damages your skin and leads to wrinkles.

Smoking comes a close second for speeding up the process of wrinkles forming on your face and elsewhere. This is because smoking inhibits the production of collagen, as mentioned before, an essential ingredient for keeping skin healthy.

Facial muscle contractions also lead to wrinkling in specific places on the face. Two of the most common places are between your eyes and around the corners of your eyes. The two facial expressions responsible for these lines are frowning and smiling respectively.

How Can I Control Skin Wrinkles?

Here are the best ways to prevent wrinkles forming earlier than they have to:

  • Apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30 before going out into the sun. Wearing a wide-brimmed hat and avoiding the hottest parts of the day (10am-4pm) will also do your skin some good.
  • Stop smoking. There’s not much else which can be said for that one!
  • We can’t recommend you stop smiling, unless you’re desperate to prevent skin wrinkles forming but maybe you could frown less frequently.

What Treatments Are Available?

The most basic forms of treatments include over-the-counter creams that contain retinoid. The retinoids are a class of chemical compounds proven to be most effective at treating skin conditions and making skin healthier. This is because they are closely related to Vitamin A, which encourages skin growth.

Dermabrasion and chemical peels are two slightly more intense forms of treatment. Dermabrasion involves scraping layers of skin away and chemical peels involve dissolving the skin. Both remove the top layer of skin, to reveal more youthful and healthy looking skin below.

More intense still, is laser skin resurfacing. This particular technique, which uses an ablative laser, requires some healing time due to the intensive nature of the procedure. If this doesn’t sound like an appealing option, there are other laser treatments that don’t require any healing time.

Another popular option these days is Botox/collagen injections. As you may have seen with some not so discreet celebrities, collagen injections can physically alter your appearance in a less than desirable way if you get too many.

Before deciding on any of these treatments, it would be wise to consult with your doctor, who can give you more specific advice about how to treat skin wrinkles.

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